What are the principles of Wildlife management?
Wildlife management takes into account the ecological principles such as carrying capacity of the habitat, preservation and control of habitat, reforestation, predator control, reintroduction of extinct species, capture and reallocation of abundant species and management of desirable or undesirable species. It aims to stop the loss in earth’s biodiversity. Wildlife management plans are essential for accurately handling wildlife habitats, populations, and associated recreational activities. Management plans have focused firstly on increasing abundance of game species and maximizing recreational opportunities associated with these species. Components of an effective wildlife management plan include:
→ Land management goals and objectives
→ A resource inventory
→ Site specific habitat improvement recommendations
→ A schedule for conducting management practices
→ Record keeping and evaluation of management efforts
There are certain areas of care and management that animals need and they are selection, nutrition, health, reproduction, and environment.
Effects of hunting and wildfires on wildlife
Both hunting and wildfires have adverse effects on wildlife. Local hunting and illegal wildlife trade can lead to the endangerment of the species.Many wildlife populations have reduced due to hunting and poaching.Vulnerable species have been declining constantly since the past many years. Hunting affects the environment and leads to the destruction of ecosystems and causes imbalance on earth. When hunters make way into the forest or other wild areas they destroy the natural environment and add carbon footprint. Whereas on the other hand, wildfires destroy trees, herbs, grasslands etc. and their diversity and also cause considerable long term negative impact on fauna including wild endangered species. Fires affect animals mainly through the effects on their habitat. Wildfires cause wildlife to move avoiding flames and searching for new habitat. This migration can cause animals to wander into densely populated human areas. The biggest effect wildfires have on wildlife habitats is by altering three things animals need the most- food,water and shelter. For fishes and other aquatic organisms, wildfires can render their habitat unlivable in much the same way it does the land.Some animals die in the flames of wildfires, mostly the elderly and very young animals who have no means of escape. Since wildfires are a natural cause nothing can be done to prevent it whereas on the other hand strict actions can be taken against hunting and poaching to save the ecosystem and to maintain the balance of the ecosystem.